It is as simple as cutting an eight-inch pizza into eight slices from four slices. When a stock split is declared by the company the number of shares increases but the investment value remains the same as the number of pieces in pizza is increased but the size of pizza is the same:)
The stock is split with reference to its face value. For example, the Nestle’s face value is Rs.10, and there is a 1:1 stock split then the face value will change to Rs.5. If you had one share before the split, you would now own two shares of Nestle after the split.
Following table will help you understand the concept better:
Following are the reasons for companies to split their shares :
- The primary reason is to infuse additional liquidity into the shares by making them more affordable.
- Similar to bonus issue, stock split is typically to encourage more retail participation by reducing the price per share.
- A stock split increases the number of shares traded in the market, which increases liquidity.